iPath has 11 ETNs with long- and short-leveraged exposure to a range of assets that aim to deliver:
- A leverage factor locked in from your point of purchase
- No tracking error
- And no resets
|iPath Leveraged ETN|
iPath® Long Extended Russell 1000®
TR Index ETN
iPath® Long Extended Russell 2000®
TR Index ETN
iPath® Long Extended S&P 500®
TR Index ETN
iPath® Long Enhanced MSCI EAFE®
|iPath® Long Enhanced MSCI Emerging Markets Index ETN||EMLB||2.11||12/06/2013|
|iPath® Short Enhanced MSCI Emerging Markets Index ETN||EMSA||2.40||12/06/2013|
THE BASICS OF LEVERAGE FACTORS
Unlike some leveraged instruments, the iPath Long- and Short-leveraged ETNs do not track a fixed multiple of the daily or monthly performance of an underlying index. Instead, the indicative value of iPath Leveraged ETNs is based on the current intraday Indicative Note Value (INV). And once you lock into your leverage factor at point of purchase, it never resets.
The INV ratio is published by NYSE Arca and is accurate to the minute, so an investor always knows the exact leverage factor they are locking into.
For a more in-depth explanation, download The Basics of Leveraged ETNs.The performance quoted represents past performance and is not indicative of future results. Investment return and principal value of an investment will fluctuate so that an investment, when sold or redeemed, may be worth more or less than the original cost. Because your notes are subject to fees and financing charges, the return on the Securities will always be lower than the total return on a direct investment in the equities that underlie the relevant Index. Current performance may be lower or higher than the performance quoted. For more performance information, please click here. Index Returns measure returns over the relevant period using the change in the index level expressed as a percentage from the beginning of the relevant period to the end of the relevant period. Index Returns are for illustrative purposes only and do not represent actual iPath ETN performance. Index Returns do not reflect any management fees, transaction costs, or expenses that would reduce your actual return. Indexes are unmanaged and one cannot invest directly in an index.
Tracking errors refers to the under/over performance differential of an ETN versus its benchmark index over a given time period, after accounting for the ETN's fees.
Selected Risk Considerations
An investment in the iPath ETNs described herein (the "ETNs") involves risks. Selected risks are summarized here, but we urge you to read the more detailed explanation of risks described under "Risk Factors" in the applicable prospectus supplement and pricing supplement.
You May Lose Some or All of Your Principal: The ETNs are exposed to change in the level of the underlying index between the inception date and the applicable valuation date. Additionally, if the level of the underlying index is insufficient to offset the negative effect of the investor fee and other applicable costs, you will lose some or all of your investment at maturity or upon redemption, even if the value of such index has increased or decreased, as the case may be. Because the ETNs are subject to an investor fee and any other applicable costs, the return on the ETNs will always be lower than the total return on a direct investment in the index components. The ETNs are riskier than ordinary unsecured debt securities and have no principal protection.
Credit of Barclays Bank PLC: The ETNs are unsecured debt obligations of the issuer, Barclays Bank PLC, and are not, either directly or indirectly, an obligation of or guaranteed by any third party. Any payment to be made on the ETNs, including any payment at maturity or upon redemption, depends on the ability of Barclays Bank PLC to satisfy its obligations as they come due. As a result, the actual and perceived creditworthiness of Barclays Bank PLC will affect the market value, if any, of the ETNs prior to maturity or redemption. In addition, in the event Barclays Bank PLC were to default on its obligations, you may not receive any amounts owed to you under the terms of the ETNs.
Issuer Redemption: If specified in the applicable prospectus, Barclays Bank PLC will have the right to redeem or "call" a series of ETNs (in whole but not in part) at its sole discretion and without your consent on any trading day on or after the inception date until and including maturity.
Automatic Redemption: If specified in the applicable prospectus, Barclays Bank PLC will automatically redeem a series of ETNs (in whole only, but not in part) at the specified automatic redemption value if, on any valuation date prior to or on the final valuation date, the intraday indicative note value of the ETNs becomes less than or equal to the applicable level specified in the prospectus. For ETNs inversely linked to the S&P 500 VIX Short-Term Futures Index Excess Return, an automatic redemption may occur as a result of a precipitous increase in volatility in the U.S. equity markets and is highly likely to occur if the historical frequency of precipitous increases in volatility in the U.S. equity markets persist.
Market and Volatility Risk: The market value of the ETNs may be influenced by many unpredictable factors and may fluctuate between the date you purchase them and the maturity date or redemption date. You may also sustain a significant loss if you sell your ETNs in the secondary market. Factors that may influence the market value of the ETNs include prevailing market prices of the U.S. stock markets, the index components included in the underlying index, and prevailing market prices of options on such index or any other financial instruments related to such index; and supply and demand for the ETNs, including economic, financial, political, regulatory, geographical or judicial events that affect the level of such index or other financial instruments related to such index.
Your Return May Be Affected By Factors Affecting International Security Markets: The international equities underlying certain indices sponsored by MSCI, Inc. may have less liquidity and could be more volatile than the securities traded in the U.S. or other longer-established securities markets. Additional special risks associated with international securities may include less rigorous regulation of securities markets, different accounting and disclosure standards, government interference, higher inflation, and social, economic, and political uncertainties.
Leverage Risk: In cases where an investment in the ETNs is leveraged, changes in the level of the underlying index will have a greater impact on the payout on the ETNs than on a payout on securities that are not so leveraged. In particular, any decrease or increase, as the case may be in the level of the underlying index will result in a significantly greater decrease in the payment at maturity or upon redemption, and an investor will suffer losses on an investment in the ETNs substantially greater than an investor would if the ETNs did not contain a leverage component.
The Performance of the Underlying Indices are Unpredictable: An investment in the ETNs linked to an index composed of futures contracts on the CBOE® Volatility Index (the "VIX Index") is subject to risks associated with fluctuations in the performance of the underlying index. The performance of the underlying index will depend on many factors including, the level of the S&P 500®, the prices of options on the S&P 500®, and the level of the VIX Index which may change unpredictably, affecting the value of futures contracts on the VIX Index and, consequently, the level of the underlying index. Additional factors that may contribute to fluctuations in the level of such index include prevailing market prices and forward volatility levels of the U.S. stock markets and the equity securities included in the S&P 500®, the prevailing market prices of options on the VIX Index, relevant futures contracts on the VIX Index, or any other financial instruments related to the S&P 500® and the VIX Index, interest rates, supply and demand in the listed and over-the-counter equity derivative markets as well as hedging activities in the equity-linked structured product markets.
Your ETNs Are Not Linked to the VIX Index: The value of ETNs linked to an index composed of futures contracts on the VIX Index will be linked to the value of the underlying index, and your ability to benefit from any rise or fall in the level of the VIX Index is limited. The index underlying such ETNs is based upon holding a rolling long position in futures on the VIX Index. These futures will not necessarily track the performance of the VIX Index. Such ETNs may not benefit from increases in the level of the VIX Index because such increases will not necessarily cause the level of VIX Index futures to rise. Accordingly, a hypothetical investment that was linked directly to the VIX Index could generate a higher return than such ETNs.
A Trading Market for the ETNs May Not Develop: Although the ETNs are listed on NYSE Arca, a trading market for the ETNs may not develop and the liquidity of the ETNs may be limited, as we are not required to maintain any listing of the ETNs.
No Interest Payments from the ETNs: You may not receive any interest payments on the ETNs.
Restrictions on the Minimum Number of ETNs and Date Restrictions for Redemptions: You must redeem at least 25,000 or 50,000 (depending on the series) ETNs of the same series at one time in order to exercise your right to redeem your ETNs on any redemption date. You may only redeem your ETNs on a redemption date if we receive a notice of redemption from you by certain dates and times as set forth in the pricing supplement.
Uncertain Tax Treatment: Significant aspects of the tax treatment of the ETNs are uncertain. You should consult your own tax advisor about your own tax situation.